Berufs- und Wirtschaftspädagogik

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Ongoing projects

The promotion of (self-)reflection competence to link theory and practice in teacher education - An intervention study with student teachers (SeReKo)

The joint project with the University of Oldenburg aims to promote (self-)reflection competence as a hinge between theoretical-systematic and experience-based, practical knowledge in the first phase of teacher training for vocational schools. (Self-)reflection competence as a central dimension of professional action competence of a teacher is necessary in order (1) to continuously improve one's own teaching, (2) to adapt teaching to new developments such as inclusion, sustainable management, digitalisation, dealing with heterogeneity and (3) to actively innovate the school environment and beyond. To this end, a seminar concept for the general school internship (B. A.) and the specialized internship (M. Ed.) will be developed, tested and evaluated in a classical experimental and control group design. 


The underlying intervention study takes up the competence area of teaching as the core task of teachers and combines it with the competence area of innovation. To this end, the study uses the possibilities and potentials of digital media by using video-based learning sequences and case studies as well as digital diaries, which serve to link the theoretical content back to complex and authentic action situations in practice during the practical training preparations. During the practical phases, the diary stimulates students to interweave theory and practice in vocational schools by means of open, subject-related opportunities for reflection. At the same time, the reasons for reflection embedded in the diary, which are to be evaluated in terms of content analysis, combined with a multiple-choice test to be constructed on (subject-related) didactic and educational science knowledge and an attitude questionnaire on the perception of relevance of study content, will make it possible to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention measure.

Project Management University of Osnabrück: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger
Project staff: Yannik Adam, Inga Allkemper
Funding: BMBF (Quality Initiative for Teacher Education)
Project duration: 01.03.2020-28.02.2023


Against the background of the nationwide demand for teaching staff at vocational schools, the fragmentation of vocational education study programmes and the difficult practices of recruiting teachers as well as the specific starting situation at the Osnabrück location, the DEIN_LBSCampus project will establish and further develop (1) permeability, (2) evidence-based, (3) individuality and (4) sustainability of the study programmes for a teaching profession at vocational schools at the University of Osnabrück. The design of permeability aims to attract target groups with vocational qualifications, to provide academically standardized postgraduate qualification for lateral and direct entrants and to make university structures more flexible by expanding study programs, developing modular curricula and standardizing crediting and recognition practices. The evidence-based approach ties in with the existing research on professional teacher training at the location and includes cross-location monitoring (Monitor-LBS). In addition to structural data, the professional development of students in vocational teaching professions during the course of their studies is analysed. The findings will be used for the further development of the contents and structures of the vocational teacher training courses at the Osnabrück site and in Lower Saxony and processed for nationwide transfer. The focus on individuality aims at making the courses available for study while working and at stabilising the course of studies. The central design principle is the flexibilisation of study programmes through blended learning and online-supported mentoring concepts. In the focus on sustainability, the publicity of the courses is promoted and the consistent internal quality assurance of the project is ensured. In addition, the establishment of a graduate school "Vocational Teacher Training Research" will be made possible.

Project Management: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger
Project Stuff: Inga Allkemper, Lisa Bertke, Christoph Porcher, Kristina Trampe
Funding: BMBF (Qualitätsoffensive Lehrerbildung)
Project duration: 01.03.2020 - 31.12.2023

Competence development in VET. A comparative analysis of intended and implemented curricula in the field of business administration (CodeVET).


In the international research on Vocational Education and Training (VET), there are an increasing number of studies on systems and structures of VET. However, research on actual planning and implementation of vocational education and training processes is very limited. The CodeVET project intends to conduct a comparative study, in order to investigate the competence-based approach in intended and implemented curricula of VET programs, in the field of business administration in Russia and China. The Project has started on 01.04.2019 and is being conducted by the working group of Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger (Department of Vocational Education and Training at the Osnabrück University) together with project partners: the University of Cologne, a Russian university the Higher School of Economics (Moscow) and two universities in China, East China Normal University and Tongji University.

The main objective of the project is to investigate whether and how, elements of competence orientation are established in both curricular design and implementation in the classroom in Russia and China. A further objective, is to develop, and apply, a research methodology for analyzing and comparing curricula in international comparative VET research, in order to deepen the understanding of differences in VET teaching-learning processes in different countries. This knowledge with regard to the teaching-learning processes sharpens the understanding of vocational education and training in an international comparison. At the same time, it can serve to explain different proficiency and achievement levels of VET students. The project design foresees exchange of young researchers between participating universities. Two six-month research phases are planned in the target countries. The University of Osnabrück is focusing on the field research in Russia. Therefore, Anastasia Goncharova, research assistant from the University Osnabrück, will conduct a field research in Russia to analyse curriculum, conduct interviews with teachers and perform observations of the teaching-learning processes in vocational schools.

Project leader: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger
Project collaborator: Anastasia Goncharova
Funders: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Project period: 01.04.2019-31.03.2022

Development of a Training and further education concept for sustainable development in training in milk technology (NaMiTec)


For the period 2018-2021, the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) is funding the NaMiTec research and development project within the framework of Funding Directive III on Vocational Education and Training for Sustainable Development. The project aims to develop an initial and continuing training concept for sustainable development in training in milk technology. The project is carried out by Berufs- und Wirtschaftspädagogik (AG Frommberger) in cooperation with the Dairy Education Centre of LUFA Nord-West, Oldenburg, and the Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and Energy Technology UMSICHT, Oberhausen.

Project collaborators: Mareike Beer, M.A.
Funders: Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung (BiBB)

Teaching staff requirements and demand forecasts in the industrial-technical vocational school teaching profession (type 5 teaching profession)


For many years the federal states, vocational schools, trade unions and teacher associations have been complaining about precarious imbalances on the vocational school teacher labour market, especially in the industrial-technical sector. However, the actual demand for teachers and the volume of training required as a result can only be roughly estimated at present. Reliable forecasts that focus on the commercial-technical vocational teaching profession have not yet been made. The aim of the planned project is to address this deficit. The aim of the project is to generate statements on the current and future demand situation in the commercial-technical teaching profession nationwide.

Project manager: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger
Project collaborator: Silke Lange
Funders: Fritz Henkel Stiftung

Students in teacher training at vocational schools in Germany. Developments and Status Quo.

Projektleiter: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger
Projektmitarbeiterin: Silke Lange
Laufzeit: 01.10.2016 - 31.12.2020

On the design and effects of practical phases in vocational teacher training at schools.


Project Manager: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger
Project Collaborator: Silke Lange
Duration: 01.10.2016 - 31.10.2020

Permeability between vocational and higher education. An international comparison.


Worldwide, a further development of transitions between vocational and higher education can be observed. At the same time, there is a growing supply of courses and degrees in which vocational and academic qualifications are combined and integrated. To this end, this study develops interesting examples from seven countries that promote transitions and the link between vocational and higher education. An international comparison is made on the basis of these examples, including an assessment of the situation in Germany. 

Project leader: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger
Project member: Tatyana Popkova
Funding partner: Bertelsmann Stiftung



Quality Development & Quality Assurance in TVET (reference to German model) for the program "Regional cooperation programme to improve the training of TVET personnel in ASEAN countries (RECOTVET)me


A background paper on quality and quality development in vocational education and training will be developed. The purpose of this paper is to provide information on the further development of vocational education and training, especially of vocational training personnel, in the ASEAN countries.

Project leader: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger
Project member: Fabienne-Agnes Baumann
Funding agency: GIZ


Concomitant Research Project for the BMBF Funding Guideline on the Internationalisation of Vocational Education and Training (wb-ibb)

Project leader: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger

Project coordinator: Fabienne-Agnes Baumann

Project staff: Dr. Janis Vossiek

Funding source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), Germany

Funding period: 01.09.2017 - 30.04.2018 (pilot phase), from 01.05.2018 main phase (until 30.04.2022)

The funding guideline on the Internationalisation of Vocational Education and Training (IBB) forms part of a broader, multipronged strategy implemented by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) to enhance international cooperation on VET. IBB supports activities in three different fields of activity: the compilation of exploratory country studies that identify potentials for future (bilateral) cooperation on VET; the development of projects that support existing bilateral cooperation on VET between the BMBF and a partner country; the development of a sustainable business model that aims at introducing German providers’ educational services in the area of initial and continuing VET to foreign markets. Considering the heterogeneity of the different funding streams as well as the novelty of their combination into one funding guideline, the Ministry has tasked the concomitant research project wb-ibb with evaluating IBB as a funding instrument, but also with conducting research into international cooperation on VET and the development of educational and vocational training services for foreign markets. In addition, wb-ibb supports the building of a network of practitioners between the funded projects, facilitating mutual learning and the identification and sharing of good practice.

Wb-ibb is implemented in collaboration between the University of Osnabrück’s working group on vocational and business education and the University of Bremen’s Institute of Technology and Education (ITB), and working closely with the Institute of Innovation and Technology (iit, based in Berlin) as a subcontractor.


Completed third-party funded projects (selection)

On the training of teachers at vocational schools - findings and development prospects

Project Manager: Prof. Dr. Dietmar Frommberger
Project Collaborator: Silke Lange
Resources: Hans-Böckler-Stiftung and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Zur Studie

Country study South Africa

medium transmitter: collar
running time: 01.10.2016 - 31.10.2018

European cooperative framework for Dual Learning

Funding source: EU - Erasmus+
Duration: 01.09.2015 - 31.08.2018

European vocational training policy

medium transmitter: collar
running time: 01.10.2016 - 31.10.2017